Second Phase Evaluation of a Protocol for Testing Fire-Resistant Oil Spill Containment Boom.
Second Phase Evaluation of a Protocol for Testing
Fire-Resistant Oil Spill Containment Boom.
Walton, W. D.; Twilley, W. H.; Bryner, N. P.; DeLauter,
L. A.; Hiltabrand, R. R.; Mullin, J. V.
NIST SP 995; Volume 2; March 2003.
Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program (AMOP) Technical
Seminar, 22nd. Environment Canada. Volume 2.
Proceedings. June 2-4, 1999, Alberta, Canada,
Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, 447-466 pp, 1999.
Sponsor:Minerals Management Service, Herndon, VA
oil spills; fire booms; in situ burning; containment;
fire tests; instruments; temperature; wind velocity;
wind direction; water; surface temperature
A second series of fire tests utilizing the ASTM F-20
draft, Standard Guide for In Situ Burning of Oil Spills
On Water: Fire-Resistant Containment Boom, as a
guideline were conducted in a wave tank at the U.S.
Coast Guard Fire and Safety Test Detachment in Mobile,
Alabama. The evaluation used six different
fire-resistant oil spill containment booms, which
included two water-cooled designs. Three of the booms
used in the second series evaluation were modified
designs of booms used in the first series. A 15 m boom
section of each boom was formed in a circle and
subjected to a diesel fuel fire, for up to three hours,
in the presence of waves. Issues raised from the first
series of evaluations such as the boom constraint
system, the location of heat flux gauges and
thermocouples, and the protocol for water-cooled booms
were addressed. The results of the second series
evaluation are presented and compared to the first. The
strengths and weaknesses of the protocol are discussed
along with areas for possible improvement.