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Second Phase Evaluation of a Protocol for Testing Fire-Resistant Oil Spill Containment Boom.


pdf icon Second Phase Evaluation of a Protocol for Testing Fire-Resistant Oil Spill Containment Boom. (1405 K)
Walton, W. D.; Twilley, W. H.; Bryner, N. P.; DeLauter, L. A.; Hiltabrand, R. R.; Mullin, J. V.

NIST SP 995; Volume 2; March 2003.

Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program (AMOP) Technical Seminar, 22nd. Environment Canada. Volume 2. Proceedings. June 2-4, 1999, Alberta, Canada, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, 447-466 pp, 1999.

Sponsor:

Minerals Management Service, Herndon, VA

Keywords:

oil spills; fire booms; in situ burning; containment; fire tests; instruments; temperature; wind velocity; wind direction; water; surface temperature

Abstract:

A second series of fire tests utilizing the ASTM F-20 draft, Standard Guide for In Situ Burning of Oil Spills On Water: Fire-Resistant Containment Boom, as a guideline were conducted in a wave tank at the U.S. Coast Guard Fire and Safety Test Detachment in Mobile, Alabama. The evaluation used six different fire-resistant oil spill containment booms, which included two water-cooled designs. Three of the booms used in the second series evaluation were modified designs of booms used in the first series. A 15 m boom section of each boom was formed in a circle and subjected to a diesel fuel fire, for up to three hours, in the presence of waves. Issues raised from the first series of evaluations such as the boom constraint system, the location of heat flux gauges and thermocouples, and the protocol for water-cooled booms were addressed. The results of the second series evaluation are presented and compared to the first. The strengths and weaknesses of the protocol are discussed along with areas for possible improvement.