Flammability and Thermal Stability Studies of Polymer Layered-Silicate (Clay) Nanocomposites. Part 2.
Flammability and Thermal Stability Studies of Polymer
Layered-Silicate (Clay) Nanocomposites. Part 2.
Gilman, J. W.; Morgan, A. B.; Giannelis, E. P.;
Wuthenow, M.; Manias, E.
Flame Retardancy, 10th Annual BCC (Business
Communications Co., Inc.) Conference. Proceedings.
May 24-26, 1999, Stamford, CT, Business Communications
Co., Inc., Norwalk, CT, 1-11 pp, 1999.
nanocomposites; flammability; thermal stability; clay;
flame retardants; thermal properties; physical
properties; polypropylene; polystyrene; cone
calorimeters; heat release rate
In many of the cases studied, polymer-clay
nanocomposites are materials that have improved thermal
properties. Furthermore, most of the nanocomposite
systems reported so far show reduced flammability. The
delaminated versions of nanocomposites also offer
measurable improvements in a variety of physical
properties. The intercalated versions offer the above
benefits, but with less improvement in physical
properties. Many issues are unresolved as to the
mechanism of these property enhancements. We report
here on our continuing study of the mechanism of
flammability reduction with recent results for
polypropylene and polystyrene layered-silicate
nanocomposites using montmorillonite and