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Aspects of the Motor Vehicle Fire Threat From Flammable Liquid Spills on a Road Surface.


pdf icon Aspects of the Motor Vehicle Fire Threat From Flammable Liquid Spills on a Road Surface. (1775 K)
Ohlemiller, T. J.; Cleary, T. G.

NISTIR 6147; 23 p. August 1998.

Sponsor:

General Motors Corp., Warren, MI

Available from:

National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
Telephone: 1-800-553-6847 or 703-605-6000;
Fax: 703-605-6900; Rush Service (Telephone Orders Only) 800-553-6847;
Website: http://www.ntis.gov

Keywords:

motor vehicle fires; flammable liquids; fire point; fuel spills; gasoline; heat transfer; ignition

Abstract:

Spills of flammable liquids, particularly gasoline, pose a significant fire hazard subsequent to a motor vehicle crash. Various considerations pertaining to making quantitative estimates of the level of hazard are discussed here. These include preliminary data on the fire point of gasoline/vehicle fluid mixes, estimates of fire size resulting from various gasoline leak rates, limited data on heat transfer from burning gasoline spills and an approximate basis for estimating the het flux exposure time that is required to ignite the surface of a typical plastic component.