Evaluating Fire Detection Systems Response to Nuisance Sources. Appendix A-Appendix E.
Evaluating Fire Detection Systems Response to Nuisance
Sources. Appendix A-Appendix E.
Grosshandler, W. L.
NISTIR 6146; 34 p. March 1998.
Nuisance Alarms in Aircraft Cargo Areas and Critical
Telecommunications Systems: Third (3rd) NIST Fire
Detector Workshop. Proceedings. National Institute of
Standards and Technology. December 4-5, 1997,
Gaithersburg, MD, Grosshandler, W. L., Editor(s), 14-30
Available from: National Technical Information Service
Order number: PB98-144538
fire detection; fire detection systems; cargo space;
telecommunications; smoke detectors; false alarms;
decision making; commercial aircraft; flame detectors
Commercial fire detection systems are typically designed
to sense temperature, airborne particulates, or
electromagnetic radiaiton at prescribed locations in a
room. Temperature sensors are based upon thermistors
and thermocouples, or can be mechanical in nature (e.g.
the fusible link in a sprinkler head). Airborne
particulates can be sensed by the attenuation of light,
the scattering of light, or the change in ionization
from a radioactive source. flame detectors, which are
not noramlly used in aircraft cargo areas or
telecommunication equipment, sense electromagnetic
radiation in the infrared and/or ultraviolet spectrum.
Comprehensive discussions of these and alternative fire
sensing methods and their applications can be found in a
number of review articles.