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Scaling Compartment Fires - Reduced- and Full-Scale Enclosure Burns.


pdf icon Scaling Compartment Fires - Reduced- and Full-Scale Enclosure Burns. (533 K)
Bryner, N. P.; Johnsson, E. L.; Pitts, W. M.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE). International Conference on Fire Research and Engineering (ICFRE). Proceedings. September 10-15, 1995, Orlando, FL, SFPE, Boston, MA, Lund, D. P.; Angell, E. A., Editor(s)(s), 9-14 pp, 1995.

Keywords:

fire research; compartment fires; scale models; acute toxicity; fuel/air ratio; carbon monoxide; combustion products; fire chemistry; flashover; room fires

Abstract:

An extensive series of over 140 natural gas fires in a 2/5ths-scale model of a standard room has been previously reported. This work extends the earlier reduced-scale enclosure (RSE) study to a full-scale enclosure (FSE) and focuses on comparing the gas concentrations and temperatures of the upper layers and the ventilation behaviors of the two compartments. Both studies are part of a larger research effort which is designed to develop a better understanding and a predictive capability for the generation of carbon monoxide, the major toxicant in fires. The findings will be incorporated into realistic fire models and used in the development of strategies for reducing the number of deaths attributed to carbon monoxide.