Scaling Compartment Fires - Reduced- and Full-Scale Enclosure Burns.
Scaling Compartment Fires - Reduced- and Full-Scale
Bryner, N. P.; Johnsson, E. L.; Pitts, W. M.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
and Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE).
International Conference on Fire Research and
Engineering (ICFRE). Proceedings. September 10-15,
1995, Orlando, FL, SFPE, Boston, MA, Lund, D. P.;
Angell, E. A., Editor(s)(s), 9-14 pp, 1995.
fire research; compartment fires; scale models; acute
toxicity; fuel/air ratio; carbon monoxide; combustion
products; fire chemistry; flashover; room fires
An extensive series of over 140 natural gas fires in a
2/5ths-scale model of a standard room has been
previously reported. This work extends the earlier
reduced-scale enclosure (RSE) study to a full-scale
enclosure (FSE) and focuses on comparing the gas
concentrations and temperatures of the upper layers and
the ventilation behaviors of the two compartments. Both
studies are part of a larger research effort which is
designed to develop a better understanding and a
predictive capability for the generation of carbon
monoxide, the major toxicant in fires. The findings
will be incorporated into realistic fire models and used
in the development of strategies for reducing the number
of deaths attributed to carbon monoxide.