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Emergency Egress Strategies for Buildings.

pdf icon Emergency Egress Strategies for Buildings. (43 K)
Bukowski, R. W.

Interflam 2007. (Interflam '07). International Interflam Conference, 11th Proceedings. September 3-5, 2007, London, England, 159-168 pp, 2007.


egress; evacuation; stairways; occupants; human behavior; elevators (lifts); refuge; communication networks; management systems; handicapped; high rise buildings; design applications; human response; human performance; stairwells


The primary strategy for the safety of building occupants in emergencies (especially fires) is by facilitating their relocation to a safe place. In other than a few institutional occupancies (health care and detentional) this generally involves the use of stairs as part of a protected means of egress (MOE) for vertical evacuation. For tall buildings with large populations, providing sufficient stair capacity for simultaneous egress has been considered practical by code making organizations, so the strategy of phased evacuation has been employed. To this point in time, little attention has been paid to the special needs of people with disabilities and other (permanent or temporary) physical limitations in moving on stairs. The aftermath of September 11,2001 new attention is being paid to many issues, especially emergency egress from tall buildings. A number of experts have called for a fundamental linking of egress strategies including all of the possible components that might be employed. In September 2006 a workshop was organized in Atlanta by CIB Wl4:Fire and T50:Tall Buildings, with one of the discussion topics devoted to this issue. This paper is ended to continue that discussion.