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On the Use of Bench-Scale Smoke Toxicity Data in Fire Hazard and Risk Assessment.


pdf icon On the Use of Bench-Scale Smoke Toxicity Data in Fire Hazard and Risk Assessment. (867 K)
Gann, R. G.

Volume 2;

Interflam 2004. (Interflam '04). International Interflam Conference, 10th Proceedings. Volume 2. July 5-7, 2004. Organised by Interscience Communications Ltd. in association with National Institute of Standards and Technology, Building Research Establishment; National Fire Protection Association; Society of Fire Protection Engineers; and Swedish National Testing and Research Institute, Edinburgh, Scotland, Interscience Communications Ltd., London, England, 1421-1429 pp, 2004.

Keywords:

fire science; fire safety; fire hazard; risk assessment; smoke; toxicity; safety engineering; incapacitation; cone calorimeters

Abstract:

Fire safety engineering of facilities increasingly includes some degree of assessment of the tenability by occupants of a building in the event of a fife. These assessments include estimates of the time available for people to escape a burning facility or find safe refuge within. Today's fire safety professionals use diverse and ad hoc approaches to make these assessments because: * There is no standard protocol for estimating the time available for escape. * There is no agreement on which toxicological effect(s) to base the estimation of time available for escape. * There is no widely accepted methodology of known accuracy for generating the smoke toxic potency data needed to implement the estimation.