On the Use of Bench-Scale Smoke Toxicity Data in Fire Hazard and Risk Assessment.
On the Use of Bench-Scale Smoke Toxicity Data in Fire
Hazard and Risk Assessment.
Gann, R. G.
Interflam 2004. (Interflam '04). International
Interflam Conference, 10th Proceedings. Volume 2. July
5-7, 2004. Organised by Interscience Communications
Ltd. in association with National Institute of Standards
and Technology, Building Research Establishment;
National Fire Protection Association; Society of Fire
Protection Engineers; and Swedish National Testing and
Research Institute, Edinburgh, Scotland, Interscience
Communications Ltd., London, England, 1421-1429 pp,
fire science; fire safety; fire hazard; risk assessment;
smoke; toxicity; safety engineering; incapacitation;
Fire safety engineering of facilities increasingly
includes some degree of assessment of the tenability by
occupants of a building in the event of a fife. These
assessments include estimates of the time available for
people to escape a burning facility or find safe refuge
within. Today's fire safety professionals use diverse
and ad hoc approaches to make these assessments because:
* There is no standard protocol for estimating the time
available for escape. * There is no agreement on which
toxicological effect(s) to base the estimation of time
available for escape.
* There is no widely accepted methodology of known
accuracy for generating the smoke toxic potency data
needed to implement the estimation.