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Simulation of Large Industrial Outdoor Fires.

pdf icon Simulation of Large Industrial Outdoor Fires. (1116 K)
Baum, H. R.; McGrattan, K. B.

NISTIR 6242; October 1998.

Fire Safety Science. Proceedings. Sixth (6th) International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). July 5-9, 1999, Poitiers, France, Intl. Assoc. for Fire Safety Science, Boston, MA, Curtat, M., Editor, 611-622 pp, 2000 AND Fire Detection, Fire Extinguishment and Fire Safety Engineering. NRIFD 50th Anniversary Symposium. Proceedings. Fire Fighting Future 50th Session (FFF50th). Organized by National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster (NRIFD) and Fire and Disaster Management Agency (FDMA) and Sponsored by Fire Protection Equipment and Safety Center. June 1, 1998, Tokyo, Japan, 23-30 pp, 1998 AND National Institute of Standards and Technology. Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts. November 2-5, 1998, Gaithersburg, MD, Beall, K. A., Editor, 87-88 pp, 1998, 2000.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
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ON BOOK SHELF: TH9112.F5626 2000
Order number: PB99-102519


fire research; fire science; fire suppression; wildland fires; industrial fires; heat release rate; fire spread; flame radiation; mathematical models


Large outdoor fires can be conveniently divided into two categories based on the fuel source. Wildland fires are characterized by a relatively low heat release rate per unit area of ground covered by fuel, but a very large area over which the fire can spread. Indeed, the description of the fire spread process is an essential part of any successful simulation of such an event. Industrial fires, in contrast, are usually more highly localized but intense emitters of heat, smoke, and other combustion products. This is particularly true if the fuel is a petroleum based substance, with a high energy density and sooting potential. This latter type of fire is the object of study in the present paper.