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Evaporation and Condensation Heat Transfer Performance of Flammable Refrigerants in a Brazed Plate Heat Exchanger.


pdf icon Evaporation and Condensation Heat Transfer Performance of Flammable Refrigerants in a Brazed Plate Heat Exchanger. (2083 K)
Palmer, S. C.; Payne, W. V.; Domanski, P. A.

NISTIR 6541; 29 p. July 2000.

Available from:

National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA 22161.
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Order number: PB2001-100169

Keywords:

refrigerants; evaporation; condensation; heat transfer; brazed plate heat exchanger; flammable refrigerants; refrigerant mixtures

Abstract:

Average Nusselt numbers were measured for R22, R290, R290/600a, and R32/152a undergoing evaporation and condensation in a brazed plate heat exchanger. The refrigerants experienced wavy, stratified flow at low heat and mass fluxes, 1.3 kW/m2 to 8.3 kW/m2 and 1.6 kg/m2s to 19 kg/m2s, respectively. Heat transfer correlations from the literature for in-tube and channel flow of refrigerants with similar heat and mass fluxes were compared to the measured Nusselt numbers. The agreement was found to be unsatisfactory. Evaporation and condensation heat transfer correlations were developed from the data for this study for the combined data of R22, R290, and R290/600a and the data for R32/152a. Separate correlations were needed because the lubricant used for R32/152a was different than the lubricant used for the other refrigerants.