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Improved Correlation for Two-Phase Pressure Drop of R-22 and R-410A in 180DG Return Bends.


pdf icon Improved Correlation for Two-Phase Pressure Drop of R-22 and R-410A in 180DG Return Bends. (484 K)
Domanski, P. A.; Hermes, C. J. L.

Thermal Sciences and Engineering, 11th Brazilian Congress. ENCIT 2006--ABCM. Proceedings. December 5-8, 2006, Curitiba, Brazil, 2006.

Keywords:

pressure drop; short return bends; two-phase pressure drop; curvature multiplier; Buckinhan-PI theorem; databases; equations

Abstract:

A new correlation for two-phase flow pressure drop in 180DG return bends is proposed based on a total of 241 experimental data points for R-22 and R-410A from two independent studies. The data span smooth tubes with inner diameters (D) from 3.3 mm to 11.6 mm, bend radiuses (R) from 6.4 mm to 37.3 mm, and curvature ratios (2R/D) from 2.3 to 8.2. The correlation consists of a two-phase pressure drop for straight tubes and a multiplier that accounts for the bend curvature. The Buckinham-PI Theorem was used to formulate the curvature multiplier in terms of refrigerant properties, flow characteristics, and bend geometry. The correlation predicts all data with a mean deviation of 15.7%, and 75% of the data fall within - 25% error bands.