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Suite of Homes Representing The U.S. Housing Stock.


pdf icon Suite of Homes Representing The U.S. Housing Stock. (213 K)
Persily, A. K.; Leber, D.

Ventilation, Humidity Control and Energy Proceedings. Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre (AIVC) Conference and Building Environment and Thermal Envelope Council (BETEC) Conference, 24th. Proceedings. (International Energy Agency (IEA) Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Program. Annex V: Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre.) October 14, 2003, Washington, DC, 15-20 pp, 2003.

Keywords:

housing; databases; modeling; residential buildings; ventilation; manufactured housing; apartments; single family housing

Abstract:

In order to facilitate nationwide analysis of ventilation and indoor air quality issues in residential buildings, a set of homes has been defined to represent the housing stock of the United States. This so-called suite of homes is based on two residential housing surveys, the U.S. Department of Energy Residential Energy Consumptions Survey (RECS) and the U.S. Census Bureau American Housing Survey (AHS). The RECS dataset includes about 6,000 U.S. residences and the AHS covers about 60,000 and are intended to periodically assess various characteristics of the U.S. housing stock. Based on these datasets, about 175 buildings were defined that represent approximately 75% of the U.S. housing stock, and just over 200 to represent 80%. These buildings are grouped into four categories: detached, attached (e.g. row houses), manufactured homes and apartment buildings. This paper describes the RECS and AHS datasets and how they were used to define this suite of homes. Among the key characteristics addressed in defining these homes are age, floor area, number of floors, foundation type and presence of a garage. As an extension of this effort, these homes will be setup in the multizone airflow model CONTAMW and made available for analyzes of residential ventilation, energy and indoor air quality issues.