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Ultraviolet Chambers Based on Integrating Spheres for Use in Artificial Weathering.


pdf icon Ultraviolet Chambers Based on Integrating Spheres for Use in Artificial Weathering. (115 K)
Chin, J. W.; Byrd, W. E.; Embree, E. J.; Martin, J. W.; Tate, J. D.

Annual Meeting, 70th. Federation of Societies for Coatings Technology (FSCT). Proceedings. November 5-7, 2001, Atlanta, GA, 1-16 pp, 2002.

Journal of Coatings Technology, Vol. 74, No. 929, 39-44, June 2002.

Keywords:

artificial weathering; ultraviolet chambers; coatings; integrating sphere; artificial aging; polymers

Abstract:

Laboratory ultraviolet (UV) chambers are widely used to obtain weathering data for a wide range of commercial polymer products including coatings, textiles, elastomers, plastics and polymeric composites. Although numerous improvements have been made in the design of UV chambers over the last 80 years, the repeatability and reproducibility of the exposure results from these chambers have remained elusive. This lack of reproducibility and repeatability is attributed to systematic errors in their design, operation, and control which prevent direct comparisons of the performance of materials exposed in the same environment, comparisons of the performance of the same material exposed in different laboratories, and the comparison of field and laboratory results. This paper describes an innovative UV chamber design based on integrating sphere technology that greatly reduces the magnitude of these errors, as well as provides additional experimental capabilities.